Joseph C. Maroon, MD, FACS

Clinical Professor and Vice-Chairman Heindl Scholar in Neuroscience
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Pittsburgh
Team Neurosurgeon, The Pittsburgh Steelers

Joseph C. Maroon, MD, FACSDr. Maroon has been the team neurosurgeon for the Pittsburgh Steelers since 1981, and is Medical Director of the World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE). He has successfully performed surgery on numerous professional football players and other elite athletes with potentially career-ending neck and spine injuries. Notably, he safely returned most of them to their high level of athletic performance.





Michael Joyner, M.D.
Caywood Professor of Anesthesiology
Mayo Clinic

Michael J. Joyner, M.D., is the Caywood Professor of Anesthesiology at the Mayo Clinic where he was named Distinguished Investigator in 2010. His research focuses on exercise physiology, human performance, blood pressure regulation, metabolism, and transfusion practices. He has been interviewed numerous times in popular print and electronic media and written on exercise and health for the New York Times, Sports Illustrated, Outside and Runner’s World. Dr. Joyner’s interest in athletics includes developing the original “2-hour” marathon concept in the early 1990s.


Daniel Greenwood, Ph.D.
Research Assistant Professor & Director
Human Performance Center – University of Memphis

Daniel Greenwood

With well over a decade of international applied sport science experience with a variety of team and individual sports, Daniel’s role as the Director of the Human Performance Center (HPC) is to collaborate with coaches and trainers to create applied scientific solutions to practical sporting problems. He has previously held roles at the Australian Institute of Sport, Queensland Academy of Sport, and the Singapore Sports Council and has worked with athletes and coaches from a variety of backgrounds and at all levels of the developmental pathway.

His career highlights include being the technique scientist behind Olympic and World Championship medalists Sally Pearson and Mitchell Watt in Athletics, and international triathletes Ashleigh Gentle and Ryan Bailie, as well as the coaching scientist behind the Australian national synchronized swimming program and national gymnastics development program. Daniel’s background is in biomechanics and the foundations of movement, but his Ph.D. was completed at the Queensland University of Technology in skill acquisition and the science of learning. He works closely with athletes and coaches to solve applied problems and has published research exploring the mutual benefit of combining coach and scientist knowledge to better understand sports performance in complex performance environments.

BA Sports and Exercise Management – University of Technology, Sydney – 2002
BA Human Movement Studies – University of Technology, Sydney – 2003
BA (Hons) Human Movement Studies – University of Technology, Sydney – 2004
Ph.D. – Queensland University of Technology – 2014

Bill Knowles
Knowles Athletic

Bill Knowles

Bill Knowles is world-renown in the field of Sports Reconditioning and Athletic Development, with over 30 years of experience at the professional, Olympic, and elite junior levels of sport.  Bill specializes in developing and implementing reconditioning strategies for athletes following injury; from immediate post-operative work through a return to performance.  

As a Certified Athletic Trainer, Bill began his career in 1989 in alpine ski racing at the world-renown Burke Mountain Academy in Vermont, USA.  During his fourteen years, Bill honed his skills in reconditioning and then moved in the direction of a performance director with an aim in reducing the injury rates through preparing better ski racing athletes.  It was during this experience that Bill clearly understood that the best injury prevention strategy was entwined in the best athletic development process…and this journey was the basis of defining what reconditioning was to become; a performance-based approach for helping athletes following injury.        

Over the last fifteen years, Bill has worked with athletes and teams from around the world.  He has lectured and trained staff from over 80 professional sports organizations throughout North America, Europe, and Australia; in addition to multiple colleges and universities. This includes governing bodies of sport such as the RFU (England Rugby), The FA, Australian Institute of Sport, Chinese Olympic Committee, US Soccer, US Skiing, The England Institute of Sport, and the NCAA.  Athletes and Teams have utilized Bill’s services including Manchester United, Chelsea, Manchester City, Arsenal, Real Madrid, Saracens Rugby, Philadelphia Eagles, NY Yankees, Geelong Cats, and the NY Islanders. 

Notable athletes include Tiger Woods, Alex Rodriguez, Andy Murray, Peyton Manning, Carson Wentz, Dara Torres, Jonny Wilkinson, Frank Lampard, Nic Naitanui, and Nik Kronwall… to name a few.    

Currently, at Knowles Athletic in Philadelphia, PA, Bill has a world-class reconditioning facility to meet the needs of athletes who have been injured or have chronic performance deficits through an injury history. They immerse themselves for many days or weeks developing a strategy to improve their return to performance and prolong their career. Alternatively, he travels to sports teams, organizations or athletes as a consultant.

Brandon Payne
Brandon Payne is the founder of Accelerate Basketball and Accelerate Basketball Online

Accelerate Basketball’s model of player development has been carried out through countless players in both the NBA and WNBA. Payne’s systematic, organized, and progressive approach to player development has been the off-season choice for 2-time NBA MVP, Stephen Curry. Since 2011, Payne has worked diligently as Curry’s professional skills trainer and has been featured in The Wall Street Journal, USA Today, CBSSports.com, Bleacher Report, NBA TV and many other media outlets. Through working with Curry, and many other NBA players, Accelerate Basketball has transformed basketball player development to seamlessly integrate technology and testing into workouts which allows athletes to be more efficient and effective.

Jeff Nyquist, Ph.D.
Founder and Chief Scientist of NeuroTrainer

Dr. Jeff Nyquist is the Founder and Chief Scientist of NeuroTrainer, the neuroscience-based virtual reality player development system. His life-long study of the brain began as a child with A.D.D., which required him to find innovative ways to stay focused and get good grades. By the time he received his Ph.D. what he had taught himself about his own cognitive training helped him create tools to help others recognize the power of the brain. As a researcher at Vanderbilt University and with support from the National Eye Institute, he developed a tool, which provided brain exercises that recovered visual function for visually handicapped children. Using consumer-ready virtual reality technology, NeuroTrainer now pinpoints and trains the brain-based skills used in professional sports. Funded by the National Science Foundation and the USAF, NeuroTrainer works primarily with MLB, NBA, NHL, and MLS teams to augment player development and fill the gap in scouting data.

Keith Baar Ph.D., Professor
Head of Department – Functional Molecular Biology Laboratory
University of California Davis

Keith Baar

Prof Keith Baar received his Bachelor’s in Kinesiology from the University of Michigan where he also served as an Assistant Strength and Conditioning Coach with the University of Michigan Football team. He then received a Master’s from the University of California, Berkeley and his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois where he discovered the molecular signal that causes load-induced muscle hypertrophy. He did his postdoctoral studies on the molecular mechanism underlying the muscular adaptation to endurance exercise under the direction of Dr. John O. Holloszy at Washington University in St. Louis. From there, Prof. Baar founded his first laboratory in the School of Life Sciences at the University of Dundee in Scotland. Keith is currently the head of the Functional Molecular Biology Laboratory (FMBLab) at the University of California Davis. 

Over the last 15 years, Keith has worked with elite athletes, as a scientific advisor to Chelsea Football Club, USA Track and Field, Paris Saint-Germain Football Club, British Cycling, The English Institute of Sport, Leicester Tigers Rugby, and the Denver Broncos, to maximize the effects of training for both endurance and strength while minimizing injury. His research is focused on determining the molecular mechanisms underlying the physiological and functional adaptations of the musculoskeletal system to nutrition and exercise. The result of this research is over 100 peer-reviewed articles in journals from the Journal of Applied Physiology to Nature. His current work is focused on how loading and nutrition alter tendon/ligament/ECM health and performance.

Aaron Coutts PhD, Distinguished Professor
Director – Human Performance Research Centre (University of Technology Sydney)
Head of Department – Sport and Exercise Science (University of Technology Sydney)

Aaron Coutts PhDAaron is a Distinguished Professor and Director of the Human Performance Research Centre at the University of Technology Sydney (UTS). For the past 20 years, Aaron’s research has focused on developing evidence-based methods for improving the performance and health of athletes. During this period, he has published more than 200 scientific articles.  Much of Aaron’s research has been on developing systems to measure, monitor and control the training process in high-performance athletes.  Further to his academic work, Aaron also provides sport science advice to several leading national and international sporting organizations.  He is presently the Director of Sport Science Research and Innovation at the Carlton Football Club and consults to leading teams in European football and the NBA. Aaron is also the Director of Exercise and Sport Science Australia (ESSA) and a member of the Nike Sport Research Laboratory Advisory Board.  He is an Associate Editor for the International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, Science and Medicine in Football and an editorial board member for the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport.

Before his tenure with the USOC, Peter held positions in academia, human factors research, and was a small business owner. He earned a Ph.D. in biomechanics, held a post-doctoral fellowship in Motor Control and Learning, and completed an executive leadership program at the Northwestern University Kellogg School of Management.

Lindsay Shaw, Ph.D.
Senior Sport Psychophysiologist
United States Olympic Committee

Dr. Lindsay Shaw

Dr. Lindsay Shaw is a Senior Sport Psychophysiologist at the United States Olympic Committee. She serves as a sport psychologist and psychophysiologist meeting the performance and clinical needs of both winter and summer National Team athletes. She utilizes brain-computer interfaces, brainwave stimulation, sleep assessments, heart rate variability interventions, and other novel approaches in her work with elite athletes. She has a passion for blending objective and subjective data in her work with athletes.

Dr. Shaw was a student-athlete at UPenn, and has her masters and doctoral degrees from Boston University in Counseling Psychology, with a specialization in sport performance. She is a licensed psychologist and is board certified in biofeedback and neurofeedback by BCIA. She has received postdoctoral training in cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia at UPenn.  She serves as an adjunct faculty member at the University of Denver’s Graduate School of Professional Psychology. Dr. Shaw has authored numerous peer-reviewed journals, book chapters, and other publications. She frequently presents her work to professional associations.

Dr. Shaw has developed, advised and provided training for psychophysiology labs in elite athlete training centers and National Olympic Committees domestically and abroad. She was a partner with RTSG Neuroscience Consultants and a consultant with Clinical and Sport Consulting Services, among other positions before joining the USOC in 2013. 

Dr. Shaw is intrigued by the prospect of identifying psychophysiological markers for elite performance and using technology and education to enhance performance and well being.

Sean Müller, Ph.D.
Head of Exercise Science
Murdoch University, Australia

Dr. Shawn Muller

Dr. Sean Müller is a senior researcher specializing in the field of expertise and skill learning in sport. A focus of his research has been to understand how experts use visual information to anticipate in sport, as well as how anticipation can be trained and transfers to field settings. Dr. Müller has also conducted interdisciplinary research that combines visual anticipation with biomechanics and decision-making with sport psychology. He has an in-depth knowledge of perceptual-motor skill learning, feedback, and instruction principles for sports skills.

Dr. Müller has collaborated with several sports organizations such as Cricket Australia, Hockey Australia, and Tampa Bay Rays Major League Baseball Organization. Findings from his research have been used to assess and train athletes in a variety of sports.


Donald Dengel, Ph.D.
Henry L. Taylor-Arthur S. Leon Professor in Exercise Science and Health Enhancement
School of Kinesiology at the University of Minnesota

Donald Dengel, Ph.D.

In addition, he serves as the Core Director of DXA and Vascular Laboratory for the Center for Pediatric Obesity Medicine, which provides clinical vascular, metabolic, exercise and body composition testing for researchers across the University of Minnesota. Dr. Dengel also directs the Human Performance Teaching Laboratory for the School of Kinesiology, which is one of the leading teaching facilities for both human and exercise physiology as well as anatomy and biomechanics laboratory methods in the United States. 

Since 1990, Dr. Dengel’s research has focused on body composition and its effects on insulin sensitivity and peripheral vascular function.  Dr. Dengel has been using dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) since 1995 to measure body composition. His use of DXA extends from studies in animals to humans from as young as 6 months to over 80 years.  His studies in humans involve not only athletes but master athletes, children, and individuals with chronic spinal cord injury. He has used DXA to track body composition in changes due to aerobic exercise, weight loss, resistance training.  More recently he has used DXA to examine visceral abdominal fat as well as developing normative body composition values for athletes and predicting sports performance and injury.

He has published over 160 scientific manuscripts and 6 book chapters in the area of body composition, insulin sensitivity, and vascular structure and function in children and adults. Dr. Dengel is a Fellow in the National Academy of Kinesiology, the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association.

Dr. Keith Smithson
Director of Visual Performance
Washington Nationals

Dr. Smithson is the Director of Visual Performance for the Washington Nationals, the team Optometrist for the Washington Wizards, Spirit, Mystics and D.C. United, and Sports Vision Consultant for the Washington Redskins and Washington Capitals. Dr. Smithson offers sports vision consultations for serious athletes of all ages who are seeking an extra edge in athletic performance through vision enhancement. He also conducts visual and perceptual testing for children experiencing difficulty in school, and for adults with computer vision eyestrain or focusing problems.  Dr. Smithson is an industry leader in the evaluation and treatment of post-concussion vision syndrome. Northern Virginia Doctors of Optometry utilizes the newest technology to address vision-related issues post-concussion. Dr. Smithson is the chair-elect of the Sports and Performance Vision Committee of the American Optometric Association and a member of the Virginia Optometric Association. He is a graduate of the University of Delaware and Pennsylvania College of Optometry.

Dr. David T Martin
Chief Scientist, Director of Performance; Professor, Exercise Science
APEIRON Life, Australian Catholic University

Experienced Performance Director with a demonstrated history of working in elite sport. Strong research interests, successful history developing innovative teams that provide world-class support to elite athletes. Focus on Sports Technology, High-Performance Support Teams, Innovative Solutions, Sports Nutrition, Advanced Recovery, Specificity of Training, Team Sports, Cycling, and Sports Science.


Dr. Dave Rabin
Chief Innovation Officer, Co-Founder, and Co-Inventor
Apollo Neuroscience

Dr. Dave Rabin

Dr. David Rabin MD, Ph.D., a board-certified psychiatrist, and translational neuroscientist is the Chief Innovation Officer, Co-Founder, and Co-Inventor at Apollo Neuroscience; the first scientifically-validated wearable system to improve HRV, focus, sleep, and access to meditative states by delivering gentle layered vibrations to the skin. Dr. Rabin has also organized the world’s largest controlled study of psychedelic medicines in collaboration with colleagues at Yale, the University of Southern California, Mt. Sinai, Modern Spirit and MAPS (Multidisciplinary Association of Psychedelic Studies) to determine the mechanisms of the dramatic therapeutic benefits observed following psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy in treatment-resistant mental illness.

Paul Robbins
Director of Performance

Paul Robbins

Paul is one of the country’s leading experts on cardiovascular programming and metabolic assessments. Currently is the Director of Performance, STATS LLC. Program analysis and design based on live data tracking systems for professional teams. Working with all NBA teams and developing new models for NFL, USTA, and college sports as well as military special forces. He got his start developing performance metrics from game data in European soccer. Paul analyzes real-time training loads for each athlete, develops performance training based on energy systems demands, works with coaches on performance programming based on game data, and oversees the new wearable tech division.

Paul’s other accomplishments include:

  • Sports Science Committee for the USTA Exercise Physiologist for NHL combine.
  • Developed the cardio programs and VO2 assessment programs for Athletes’ Performance (now EXOS) clients include thousands of professional athletes from all leagues- NFL, NHL, NBA, MLS, MLB and National teams from Germany, Poland, Mexico, China, and USA.
  • Cardio consultant for fitness equipment companies, specializing in program design and education.
  • Designed metabolic analyzers and cardio programming and testing protocols

James B. LaValle
Clinical Instructor in the Masters of Integrative Medicine program
George Washington University

James LaValle

James LaValle is an internationally recognized clinical pharmacist, author, board certified clinical nutritionist, and expert and educator in integrative and precision health.  James is probably best known for his expertise in personalized integrative therapies uncovering the underlying metabolic issues that keep people from feeling healthy and vital.

James is author of 16 e books and 20 books including the most recently released, Your Blood Never Lies, as well as his best seller, Cracking the Metabolic Code. LaValle is currently affiliated with George Washington University as a clinical instructor in the Masters of Integrative Medicine program, and received a Faculty of the Year award in 2017 from the American Academy of Anti-Ageing Medicine, where he has taught for over a decade.

His experience and clinical work spans from the super athlete to individuals struggling with chronic health complaints.  Organizations such as the Chicago Blackhawks, Anaheim Ducks, San Jose Sharks, and athletes from Olympians, to collegiate baseball, basketball and football, pro football, car racing all search out his expertise for optimizing metabolism and targeting real world results. He was selected to direct the  Pro Football Hall of Fame to direct the state of the art performance and health rejuvenation facility at the Institute for a Hall of Fame Life, located in the Johnson Controls NFL Hall of Fame Village projected to open in Canton, Ohio in 2019/2020.